Greece's Geography Problem

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  • Published: 16 October 2018
  • Assassin’s Creed Odyssey is Out Now: ubi.li/wssat

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    References:
    [1] pdx.edu/econ/country-geography-data
    [2] ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/montagne/mount4.pdf
    [3] Equation is y=-4.239E-6x+.4774 based off of ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/montagne/mount4.pdf
    [4] grida.no/resources/5032
    [5] Equation is y=-5.987E-5x+51.489 based off of statpedia.com/stat/Average_Yearly_Temperature_by_Country/HJd7OcGK
    [6] worldview.stratfor.com/article/geopolitics-greece-sea-its-heart
    [7] visitgreece.gr/en/greek_islands
    [8] pwc.com/gr/en/publications/greek-thought-leadership/infrastracture-in-greece-2016-en.pdf
    [9] ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/sites/taxation/files/study_and_reports_on_the_vat_gap_2017.pdf
    [10] globalports.com/globalports/about-us/our-industry-overview/container-market/key-russian-gateways#Black%20Sea%20Basin
    [11] data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=GR
    [12] wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/countries-2018/greece2018.pdf
    [13] tradingeconomics.com/greece/tourist-arrivals

    Animation by Josh Sherrington
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Comments • 6 321

  • Wendover Productions
    Wendover Productions   1 years back

    Hey everyone! You may notice the numbers in brackets that pop up in the lower left-hand corner of this video. Those are a long-requested addition to the channel: references! Just look in the description for the corresponding number to see where different info comes from.

    • Theofanis Papadopoulos
      Theofanis Papadopoulos  4 weeks back

      @WOLFGANG:HAN y. Fuck me! Turkish language... What a beauty... One of the first languages of the world. You should teach in the world's most famous universities.

    • Theofanis Papadopoulos
      Theofanis Papadopoulos  4 weeks back

      @WOLFGANG:HAN y. during ottoman empire, many Turkish officers used greek language to communicate. 200 years ago the Turks did not even have letters. Almost every science uses greek language. What the fuck is wrong with you? Your turkish father fucked you jewish mother and an idiot like you was born.

    • Theofanis Papadopoulos
      Theofanis Papadopoulos  4 weeks back

      @Stan countries like USA, Germany, Russia and many other do not exist. They are companies, nothing more. No nation, no common bonds etc. Just companies, named as countries, which expand and offer nothing as far as spirituality and real knowledge is considered.

    • Theofanis Papadopoulos
      Theofanis Papadopoulos  4 weeks back

      @adam gorz opinion is like an asshole: everyone has one. In your case, you can put your opinion into your asshole. This is the best one can do, especially if is of a nation with practically no history.

    • Theofanis Papadopoulos
      Theofanis Papadopoulos  4 weeks back

      @Gorzae and what are they supposed to be called?

  • Paris Tsantis
    Paris Tsantis  5 hours back

    No, it’s not that hard to move around in the country. We don’t have autobahns but we have good enough streets. Also, the reason we have issues with tax evasion is cultural (corruption). We don’t live in the Middle Ages where the tax collector would have to travel to every house in the country from the capital. We also spend that much on defense because we RESPECT our NATO allies and the rules of the alliance and we are not like other richer countries who don’t bother meeting the NATO terms and couldn’t defend their land unless daddy USA intervened. Get real.

    • kinda a crusade
      kinda a crusade  6 hours back

      bruh assasins creed odyssey is unrelated of greece

      • Kursat Kadir CANLI
        Kursat Kadir CANLI  7 hours back

        Please do not forget Venice as a power

        • K.A.M. Show
          K.A.M. Show  5 days back

          MACEDONIA IS GREEK

          • Jimi nijaradze
            Jimi nijaradze  5 days back

            make video about georgia

            • Shko Dra
              Shko Dra  6 days back

              Your gdp’s per capita are almost double of what they should be.

              • Dev ToTV
                Dev ToTV  1 weeks back

                Actually Greece is in the 67th position among 180 countries concerning corruption (according to Tranparancy's International Corruption Perception Index). Corruption is the most essential matter in Greece. It is the first and foremost problem not only for Greek, but also for world economies. Your video is good, yet not conclusive. Denmark and Sweden for example are in the top 3 least corrupt countries, which is part of the reason why they are rich. In my opinion, everything begin from the citizens not the country. Everything depends on how much law abiding the citizens of a country are. Understanding the laws and respecting them is a basic step.

                • innosanto
                  innosanto  1 weeks back

                  Very one-sided analysis. There are many factors in every situation.

                  Apart from the above, Thessalians and Macedonians had the most flat land, not Athens or Sparta. (But Macedonians were constantly getting invaded from the North) Athens build a very strong navy ( and had connections to the Ionian settlements around the aegean), and Sparta a very strong ground army ( they had invented the phalanx first and had developed discipline and training in the military very much, and were also able to do this because they had conquered the Messenians and were obliging them to farm the land and deal with other activities).

                  • Timos Braun
                    Timos Braun  1 weeks back

                    But it's Greece's obligation because they need to spend over 2 percent of their GDP in millitary for NATO

                    • DGaming S8
                      DGaming S8  1 weeks back

                      Greece was never a empire the Greece empire was the Macedon empire you got that wrong

                      • Arca İpekyün
                        Arca İpekyün  1 weeks back

                        So Greece’s landscape is close to Western Turkey / Aegean Region of Turkey. Am I right?

                        • Andrei Kuzmanov
                          Andrei Kuzmanov  2 weeks back

                          A lot of dumb shit said in this video

                          • Fewyouknewme be for
                            Fewyouknewme be for  2 weeks back

                            yeah , very rich erea , albania , fyrom , bulgaria romania montenegro and moldova are top

                            • Eslam Hany
                              Eslam Hany  2 weeks back

                              I love Greek culture, language and history. With ❤ from Egypt 🇪🇬.

                              • baits
                                baits  3 weeks back

                                there has never been a greek empire , you mean macedonian empire . the word greek or greece never existed before 1821 a creation of king otto .

                                • Babis Babis
                                  Babis Babis  3 weeks back

                                  Greece's geography problem in the ancient times lead to the development of the ancient greek mindset. People not as individuals but as part of their family, kins and the broader people of their settlement, city and village. This mindset in some extent exist even today. The scarecity of the land led to greek colonazation of Asia Minor and the broader Mediterranean area. In modern times its the neverending demt of the state which prevents the state from gathering the needed capital in order to have investments in infastructures and industrial growth .

                                  • Pipki Konian
                                    Pipki Konian  3 weeks back

                                    Thats why we advanced our shipping through sea and Greece is No 1 in the world owing the largest fleet.

                                    • Pegasus
                                      Pegasus  3 weeks back

                                      Greece has never had a problem. ...Countries who want to rule the world have a problem with Greece. ...The British plundered and murdered nearly a quarter of the world for their own profit. Plus, look at all the evil the United States is doing to the world? Do more research before you utter more bullshit. ...I think British people have too many psychological problems too. It's 2019 and they still have a Nazi Queen and I think that is insane.

                                      • Ian Andersen
                                        Ian Andersen  3 weeks back

                                        I feel dumber having watched this. Ya. Mountains are what cause a country to be unproductive, bankrupt and corrupt. Thanks for the lesson.

                                        • Pano Tak
                                          Pano Tak  3 weeks back

                                          THIS VIDEO IS NOT SERIOUS

                                          • E I
                                            E I  3 weeks back

                                            So does Greece suffer from regionalism or not?

                                            • Lycanrocknroll
                                              Lycanrocknroll  3 weeks back

                                              It's funny how no one in Turkey gives a damn, but Greece is so paranoid about Turkey invading or something that they constantly spend so much money on their military. They would better off using some of the money for their own growth. Like-wise, Turkey would be better off using their money on education and production rather than religious affairs and needless construction. Albeit, I realized the warmer a country is, the more corrupt they are. Also, people are prone to believe in conspiracy theories and think illogically.

                                              • Pano Tak
                                                Pano Tak  3 weeks back

                                                Βλακειες λεει το βιντεο.Η γεωγραφικη γεωμορφολογια δεν ειναι το προβλημα που δημιουργησε την οικονομικη ενδεια της Ελλαδας, αλλα το διεφθαρμενο πολιτικο συστημα, η ατελειωτη φοροδιαφυγη σαν μοναδική άμυνα σε ενα φοροκλεπτικο κρατικο μηχανισμο και η αλλαγη προς το χειροτερο του τροπου σκεπτεσθαι και πραττειν των νεοελληνων.Τελος

                                                • mina bankova
                                                  mina bankova  3 weeks back

                                                  I’m Bulgarian and you’re telling me Greece was poor 😂 Have you been to Greece? Those people know what’s good.

                                                  • Sam Porter Bridges
                                                    Sam Porter Bridges  2 weeks back

                                                    @mina bankova ah i see what you mean. Yeah I know they are really poor countries. But that doesn't make Greece a paradise. It is kinda rough lately, but mostly because of the greed of the past generation. It used to be good. Anyways i think we'll get back on our feet at some point. Hopefully you guys do too ;)

                                                  • mina bankova
                                                    mina bankova  2 weeks back

                                                    Sam Porter Bridges actually Romania and Bulgaria are both in EU, and believe me, Greece is not the poorest country in the EU 😂

                                                  • Sam Porter Bridges
                                                    Sam Porter Bridges  3 weeks back

                                                    He said poorest of EU not on earth xD

                                                • MorallyQuestionable
                                                  MorallyQuestionable  3 weeks back

                                                  Shouldnt the irregual coastline be a major help for building harbors?

                                                  • thecosmicguy21
                                                    thecosmicguy21  4 weeks back

                                                    Geopolitical c l o u t

                                                    • radunMARSHAL
                                                      radunMARSHAL  4 weeks back

                                                      I find your approach interesting but rather simplistic and conservative. Yes, geography obviously does influence countries a lot, but not just natural geography, the one you're mostly oriented towards, but political geography as well. And you don't cover political geography at all. Under current political circumstances, Greece's natural geography hinders its growth, it may be true. But the same natural geography has produced the most powerful pre-Roman civilization, Greek provinces were some of the most powerful, wealthiest, civilized and developed in the whole Roman empire, and the eastern part of the Roman empire, centered around Greece and Anatolia, did survive the fall of the western half for a millennium. And for the biggest part of the medieval history, Greece was the most developed, civilized, wealthy and powerful European political entity. So, Greece was obviously doing something right since it was holding on for some 400 years even after the total loss of Anatolia. So, I guess, natural geography doesn't play such a big role in country's current development. It would have only required emperor Romanus IV to win the battle of Manzikert, and the battle was in their favor up until personal quarrels destroyed the cohesion of the Roman army and led to a humiliating retreat with minimal losses, but with the emperor captured. Or maybe even emperor Mauritius not to get executed by his mutinous army. Or maybe a little smarter war effort against the invading Arabic forces in the 7th century which would have kept the Levant and norther Africa for the empire, or even the rather large army mustered by two Serbian despots in the battle of Chernomen not to get drunk over their might and perception of imminent victory, and not get slaughtered and sent into a rout towards a river where most of them drowned, due to a surprise attack by a much weaker and less numerous Ottoman force. Any of these events happening just a little differently in other direction would have lead to a much stronger and wealthier Greece today. Or even recent events, Greece was under Ottoman rule for some 400 years, and the Ottoman empire was the most advanced country in Europe for centuries. Had it been advanced for longer before disintegrating, Greece would have been much developed today. Or even WWI, had it not suffered a civil war during WWI between king's faction and Venizelist faction, it would have fared much better today, and would have owned Cyprus, since Britain has offered Cyprus to Greece for declaring war on the Central powers. Or even the other European countries not betraying Greece in Turkish-Greek war of 1920 would have led to a much better off Greece today. Or even a lack of Nazi occupation in WWII, or the lack of military dictatorship in the second part of the 20th century, supported by the West and approved by Stalin due to dividing of Europe between the USSR and the West, all of these stuff would have led to a much better off Greece today. Germany has stolen a large amount of gold and money from Greece in WWII. Many things happened. Natural geography does influence stuff, for sure, but history is the main culprit of everything today.

                                                      • Laniakea
                                                        Laniakea  4 weeks back

                                                        Why the fuck are you using feet in a Europe based video

                                                        • Dimitrios Charalampidis

                                                          They developed the political system of democracy [...] Because of this perhaps a disproportionate amount of attention is placed upon the history of this small nation [...]
                                                          That's the only thing that ancient Greece is known for, right?
                                                          ---
                                                          It was tough for any one political entity to hold power over vast amounts of land because it was just too difficult to get around.
                                                          Yup, think of Alexander the Great.
                                                          ---
                                                          This geography forced Greece to the ocean [...]
                                                          The Mediterranean ocean?
                                                          ---
                                                          [...] proving that there is a correlation between flatness and wealth.
                                                          Have you ever attended a class in statistics?
                                                          ---
                                                          With a lack of proper infrastructure to overcome the geographical boundaries, this makes simple governmental functions like tax collection difficult.
                                                          WTF?
                                                          ---
                                                          What's really fascinating about Greece is not that they fell from a position of strength, it's that they ever had that position of strength.
                                                          WTF???

                                                          • Terra Branford
                                                            Terra Branford  4 weeks back

                                                            I'm starting to wonder after 5 or 6 videos is what country DOESN'T have a geography problem? 🙃

                                                            • Lone Wolf
                                                              Lone Wolf  4 weeks back

                                                              In the early 2010s i visited greece... i went by bus across the north final destination corfu... i saw some great highways there... i also saw the old road network that went around every nook and mountain crevice... it looked really inefficient to get around... then i talked to some locals and they told me the highways i saw and a lot of tourist infrastructure were only built in the last few years with eu money... thats the reality of greece

                                                              • Daria Duma
                                                                Daria Duma  4 weeks back

                                                                This video taught me more than Greek schools loll

                                                                • Darth_Turtle
                                                                  Darth_Turtle  4 weeks back

                                                                  A drop of dawn,






                                                                  And Greece is gone.

                                                                  • Vasilis Tzivaras
                                                                    Vasilis Tzivaras  4 weeks back

                                                                    Greece went poor when the world saw its power. Its not about the geographical location.

                                                                    • Chris GR
                                                                      Chris GR  4 weeks back

                                                                      My lovely homeland!!!! We are since the beginning of times!!! 🇬🇷

                                                                      • Alexander T
                                                                        Alexander T  4 weeks back

                                                                        Until fly cars become a thing.

                                                                        • Thanos apokapouallou
                                                                          Thanos apokapouallou  4 weeks back

                                                                          Greece's geographical problem is its politicians. Greek here

                                                                          • freddie naputi
                                                                            freddie naputi  4 weeks back

                                                                            yes Greece did give democracy it's name however native Americans were practicing "people governance" way before them.

                                                                            • Sana omar
                                                                              Sana omar  4 weeks back

                                                                              greece is inhabited for a number of millenniums , land is owned and build for more than 4000 years , there are more than geography and profit that drive life .
                                                                              imported and exported prosperity has come and gone from greece , many times in the past in many forms, it is not only now. a steady pace for longer time makes you going farther than going fast for a short time .

                                                                              • Bülent N
                                                                                Bülent N  4 weeks back

                                                                                actually greeks are copycats

                                                                                • Pickle Juice
                                                                                  Pickle Juice  4 weeks back

                                                                                  0:13 the Roman Empire is Roman not Italian
                                                                                  0:14 that is the Macedonian empire not Greek
                                                                                  The Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates were not Syrian or Iraqi they were just Arabs uniting under one flag

                                                                                  • Pickle Juice
                                                                                    Pickle Juice  4 weeks back

                                                                                    Thanos apokapouallou just because you are Greek doesn’t mean you have to say everything in the balkans is Greek if the Macedonians and Greeks fought many battles during Alexander the greats time and Macedonian and Greek is different

                                                                                  • Thanos apokapouallou
                                                                                    Thanos apokapouallou  4 weeks back

                                                                                    Macedonian therefore Greek. If you know who macedonians were!

                                                                                • Bom Cabedal
                                                                                  Bom Cabedal  4 weeks back

                                                                                  Some cherries need picking before pronouncing ancient Greece the inventor of modern democracy.

                                                                                  • rafael mouratidis
                                                                                    rafael mouratidis  4 weeks back

                                                                                    as a Greek all i can say is that half of what you said is true..the rest are BS

                                                                                    • Tom Butthurt
                                                                                      Tom Butthurt  4 weeks back

                                                                                      Yes but the Greeks of today are not the Greeks of old completely different DNA and demographics

                                                                                      • Tom Butthurt
                                                                                        Tom Butthurt  4 weeks back

                                                                                        They have a geography problem because they don't have men to fight like they used to in old Greece

                                                                                        • Gigi
                                                                                          Gigi  4 weeks back

                                                                                          we cultivate also on the slopes of mountains from antiquity, who said that you need flat land to cultivate?
                                                                                          What does the bad infrastructure to get around the country has to do with the fact that there where city-states 2000 years ago???
                                                                                          The ships to the islands belong to privates and not the state. The highways until the 80's belonged to the state, they were sold to privates after that.
                                                                                          I really don't get the corralation between tax collection and the roads. It's not like someone goes and collects them. Max a paper comes to your house by the local post office.
                                                                                          The major tax evasions happen in big cities, were there is no problematic road infrastructure.
                                                                                          And yes, we do spend a lot in military. Have our neighbours and you would have too.
                                                                                          Actually, during the strikes, tourism rates remained almost the same. They just didn't stay in Athens. Also your graph shows that.
                                                                                          The real problem of the economy of Greece is that we rely only on agriculture and tourism. We do not have an industry at all.

                                                                                          • procopis christofi
                                                                                            procopis christofi  4 weeks back

                                                                                            Heyyyyh cyprus???