Why Cities Exist


Comments • 3 803

  • Flashstar 123
    Flashstar 123  5 hours back

    Wendover: cities have a population a fraction of their ranking relevant to the largest city.
    China and India: hmmmmm.....

    • JEOGRAPHY Songs For Kids

      Wendover: Why cities exist?
      Conspiracy Theorist: Cities don't actually exit.
      Wendover: That doesn't make sense.
      Conspiracy Theorist: Cities are just concentrated populations of crisis actors.

      • de rien
        de rien  2 days back

        The only reason is economics....
        Especially in the last 200 years

        • Red Butterfly
          Red Butterfly  2 days back

          I cant imagine singapore to have a province if u can drive from end to end in an hour. Lol

          • shambho
            shambho  2 days back

            This is disinformation in part. Modern agriculture is not more efficient if one accounts for ecological costs in the aggregate and socioeconomic costs esp for small farmers

            • Emanuel Voelker
              Emanuel Voelker  4 days back


              • Chris Duane
                Chris Duane  6 days back

                Why is the producer leaving out the other reason after employment people move to cities -- anonymity, social opportunity and promiscuous sex?

                • Luis Marroquin
                  Luis Marroquin  1 weeks back

                  2.7 a third and 2.3 a fourth?

                  • SubZero
                    SubZero  1 weeks back

                    Why so many dislikes?

                    • Jacob Hayes
                      Jacob Hayes  1 weeks back

                      Cities cause dolphins.

                      • Sierrah Hofzon
                        Sierrah Hofzon  1 weeks back

                        So Istanbul and Russia are not included in Europe?

                        • Jeff Burgess
                          Jeff Burgess  1 weeks back

                          summary: when humans discovered agriculture, they stopped migrating and settled down which inevitably gave rise to an economy. To make this process simpler, cities were erected to maximize economic activity by decreasing the distance between consumers and laborers.

                          Though I am certain this isn't a new idea, I personally believe that value is predicated solely on distance. Not just the time and energy it takes for an innovator to finally begin production of a product and then get it to a consumer, but even the distance between two (or more) ideas, such as the distance between the individual vs the collective, the metaphysical and the materialistic, and the finite vs the infinite.

                          Because resources are finite and therefore must be competed for, it seems to me that the role of government was introduced to determine how a population is allowed to interact with those resources. What's interesting is that, for instance, the American government will supply public services such as roads or police because it considers them basic necessities to keep things running smoothly. Roads to get to work or spend money, and police to make us feel safe enough to invest in homes, cars or other property.

                          But other goods, like gasoline (which we need to make use of the roads and fuel the squad cars/fire trucks) and food and shelter are first come first serve.
                          How does a government decide which industries can exist independently and which industries to provide as public services?

                          • rulipari
                            rulipari  1 weeks back

                            4:00 You do know, that Berlin does have significantly more inhabitants than Paris proper, right?
                            Berlin is the EUs 2nd largest City. On the whole of Europe though, the Ranking goes like this:
                            (Ignoring Metropolitan Areas)

                            • SpiritForce
                              SpiritForce  1 weeks back

                              Living in a densely populated city is killing our spirits--- I've lived in Tokyo, Taipei Miami and Honolulu and I yearn for a nice good ol' FARM!

                              • William Churchill
                                William Churchill  1 weeks back

                                Love this Chanel

                                • Yuuup
                                  Yuuup  2 weeks back

                                  Another advantage of large numbers of people all being in cities is it will make the coming population correction so much more effective and efficient.

                                  • Grigoriy Ignatov
                                    Grigoriy Ignatov  2 weeks back

                                    London is the largest city within the EU only. Moscow is in Europe as well and it's 4 million bigger

                                    • djinn Man
                                      djinn Man  2 weeks back

                                      Human Specialization.

                                      BUT also efficiency to port. Not surprising some of the biggest cities are built upon communication lines either up large rivers (water source) or coastal. Logistics.

                                      How to store and move goods from a centralized hub equally important.

                                      City like Hong Kong in recent (foolish) "democratic" protest need to be careful.

                                      Aside from the unique rule of law, there are already cities proximate to them (Shenzhen, Guangdong) that can and will replicate much of what Hong Kong does for cheaper.

                                      If it does not understand its fragility vis-a-vis its giant and economic powerhouse neighbour, it is in danger of losing its living. Many will eventually vote with their fee across 'the border'.

                                      There is no iron rice bowl.

                                      • M C
                                        M C  2 weeks back

                                        Thanks for addressing German cities! :)

                                        • Joonha Shcal
                                          Joonha Shcal  2 weeks back

                                          Paris is not the second largest city in Europe. It's not even in the top 5. The largest city in Europe is Istanbul and then comes Moscow. I can't trust you with research that takes 20 sec? Downvote man.

                                          • Morgan Ahoff
                                            Morgan Ahoff  2 weeks back

                                            I'm surprised you didn't include Choice as a reason why people live in cities. Cites offer a variety of things to choose from: what kind of job to have, where to live, what to do for recreation -- and this gives people the feeling that they are choosing their life circumstances. There is perhaps nothing as defeating to the human spirit as having no choice. That's the reason cities are expensive: for each thing you choose to do, all the things you didn't choose to do need to be paid for too. But we're willing to pay a premium in order to have a range of options available to us. Mind you...having things to choose among means that you are one of the things other people may choose or not choose, hence cites can be lonely places.

                                            • Jack
                                              Jack  2 weeks back

                                              Interesting note, when the first British windmills were being invented, one person could then grind enough flour for 40 people. Hence the phrase, "The daily grind", as before that at least half the household would have to grind bread for 4-6 hours during the day

                                              • Ronit Jalihal
                                                Ronit Jalihal  2 weeks back

                                                3:54 Almost all info is wrong.
                                                London is now 3rd after Istanbul and Moscow.
                                                Paris is not even in the top ten.
                                                Otherwise, great video.

                                                • Министерство Пропаганды
                                                  Министерство Пропаганды  1 days back

                                                  @JewTube, Turkey is Asian (although Istanbul itself was always European) but Russia is 100% European

                                                • Chris Hieke
                                                  Chris Hieke  7 days back

                                                  @Skye Walker It was about European cities - although he didn't mention his definition of 'European'. So lets stick with the geographical definition. That certainly includes Moscow and at least the part of Istambul that is situated on the western side of the Bosporus. So Tokyo, Hongkong and Peking are out of the scope.

                                                  Another problem is his definition of a 'city' ... just the municipal entity or the whole metropolitan area? And if it is the metropolitan area, how do you define that?

                                                • Skye Walker
                                                  Skye Walker  1 weeks back

                                                  I saw that to and eas baffled. Tokyo, Hong Kong, Beijing, Moscow etc there are much bigger cities

                                                • Грозный
                                                  Грозный  1 weeks back

                                                  @JewTube both cities are in europe and maybe turkish culture is not european, but russian 100% is

                                                • JewTube
                                                  JewTube  2 weeks back

                                                  It's correct. Turkey and Russia are Asian countries, not European.

                                              • SiaarZH
                                                SiaarZH  2 weeks back

                                                5ha of siberian snow all to me? no thanks.

                                                • Floris
                                                  Floris  2 weeks back

                                                  Isn't the pencil thing a Fiedman example?

                                                  • PoodleScone
                                                    PoodleScone  2 weeks back

                                                    Also world peace after WW2. Most cities are targets during war. With no major conflicts, people can stay in cities without risks.

                                                    • Taylor Pio
                                                      Taylor Pio  2 weeks back

                                                      One of the best and most conceptual videos you've made!

                                                      • DE Ackern
                                                        DE Ackern  2 weeks back

                                                        3:47 Today the largest city in Europe is London. Isn't it Moscow!? And London second?

                                                        • Yuuup
                                                          Yuuup  2 weeks back

                                                          Moscow has never been in Europe. Sorry, try again

                                                      • alan6832
                                                        alan6832  3 weeks back

                                                        People are forced by government to move to cities because cities have higher unit density limits than most places, so cities allow people to build more housing that government allows people to do in the suburbs or country. This is in addition to housing projects, which are rare in the country.

                                                        • EBFilmsMan
                                                          EBFilmsMan  3 weeks back

                                                          12:08 Cities are efficient
                                                          Efficiency creates wealth
                                                          Germany creates efficiency
                                                          German cities = most efficient and wealthy?

                                                          • Riley Cook
                                                            Riley Cook  2 weeks back

                                                            germany = best
                                                            UH WORLD WAR 2

                                                        • somerican pillar
                                                          somerican pillar  3 weeks back

                                                          Wow mind blowing

                                                          • emptyroomrocker
                                                            emptyroomrocker  3 weeks back

                                                            Istanbul and Moscow are bigger European Cities than London.

                                                            • Vladimir Baraev
                                                              Vladimir Baraev  3 weeks back

                                                              Berlin is second largest in Europe

                                                              • Yang M
                                                                Yang M  3 weeks back

                                                                not doing this to say "video is wrong,", more wondering if there's an explanation for why Australia doesn't fit the theory (apart from being upside down).
                                                                1 Sydney 4,741,874
                                                                2 Melbourne 4,677,157
                                                                3 Brisbane 2,326,656
                                                                4 Perth 2,004,696
                                                                and it doesn't get any better for the theory if you keep going down the list.

                                                                • Yoda
                                                                  Yoda  3 weeks back

                                                                  "Wealth". A word so commonly associated with finances; Debt. Credit. How about quality of life? Compassion? Consideration? Moral integrity?

                                                                  • Jacob IAm
                                                                    Jacob IAm  3 weeks back

                                                                    My thoughts exactly when watching this video.

                                                                • Simon G
                                                                  Simon G  3 weeks back

                                                                  Cities can only exist because of the transport of food produced in rural areas.

                                                                  • Saddutchman
                                                                    Saddutchman  3 weeks back

                                                                    Cities exist because farmers work their asses off

                                                                    • Tomatenpresse
                                                                      Tomatenpresse  3 weeks back

                                                                      Just wanna throw it out there that paris is not the second largest City of europe in case it seemed fishy to anyone else... Its berlin btw... 3:55

                                                                      • SwingFish
                                                                        SwingFish  3 weeks back

                                                                        hard to believe you didn't mention Shenzhen as an example about growth in connection to development, as Shenzhen is basically the only example that does proof everything mentioned here is the shortest time span ever. (except the part of the portion, I personally think that natural numbers are more accurate on that one anyway eg. Fibonacci, which would prove your theory even stronger (nothing grow/move in a straight line)

                                                                        • L H
                                                                          L H  3 weeks back

                                                                          zipf mystery

                                                                          • Fandom guy
                                                                            Fandom guy  3 weeks back

                                                                            Cooperation is also the answer, it's what humans evolved for it's efficient.

                                                                            • Jurassic Mark
                                                                              Jurassic Mark  3 weeks back

                                                                              3:47 You forgot Istanbul and Moscow there.

                                                                              • akahige
                                                                                akahige  3 weeks back

                                                                                zipf's law. look it up on the vsauce channel.

                                                                                • Loïk Carothers
                                                                                  Loïk Carothers  4 weeks back

                                                                                  In short: People.

                                                                                  • Trevor Paul
                                                                                    Trevor Paul  4 weeks back

                                                                                    Square space is for fuck boys that don’t understand anything about Web development

                                                                                    • FullBlown
                                                                                      FullBlown  4 weeks back

                                                                                      most cities as in big ones,people are moving out back into the burbs and farm areas in alot of places in the world,as in others new cities are being built......so what are you talking about? you mean cities have a higher population then certain areas,cause they take all the stuff from around them to build what is called a population bubble...this is why they die,they are cool but at the same time,become depressing over time and lack nature also with all the red tape decay and people are not allowed to repair simple things,so walls look like shit and so on,as the city grows so does corruption and politcal scams..so they just fall apart like we see across the world non stop.

                                                                                      • ChifF SkrUbZ
                                                                                        ChifF SkrUbZ  4 weeks back

                                                                                        Wendover productions: *puts Cologne on Frankfurt*

                                                                                        • Ocelot
                                                                                          Ocelot  4 weeks back

                                                                                          Because it's efficient.
                                                                                          There, saved you 13 minutes of your time.