Where Did Viruses Come From?

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  • Published: 13 June 2018
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    There are fossils of viruses, of sorts, preserved in the DNA of the hosts that they’ve infected. Including you. This molecular fossil trail can help us understand where viruses came from, how they evolved and it can even help us tackle the biggest question of all: Are viruses alive?

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    References:
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3094976/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4609113/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19270719/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4096385/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3758182/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3190193/
    hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00679842/document
    bioinformatics.cvr.ac.uk/paleovirology/site/html/posts/2013-04-15_what_is_paleovirology.html
    sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/giant-viruses-found-austrian-sewage-fuel-debate-over-potential-fourth-domain-life
    khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/cells/viruses/a/are-viruses-dead-or-alive
    serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/yellowstone/viruslive.html
    nature.com/scitable/topicpage/the-origins-of-viruses-14398218#
    nature.com/scitable/topicpage/discovery-of-the-giant-mimivirus-14402410
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2976387/
    nature.com/news/giant-viruses-open-pandora-s-box-1.13410
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19561090
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2946954/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2906475/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3179036/
    theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/05/a-7000-year-old-virus-sequenced-from-a-neolithic-mans-tooth/559862/
    uniprot.org/uniprot/Q9P2P1
    journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1001191
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 2 901

  • jaxxstraw
    jaxxstraw  9 hours back

    First estimate: <500
    Second estimate: 68,000,000

    *hired for Microsoft time remaining team*

    • Patrick Crausaz
      Patrick Crausaz  12 hours back

      Who's getting a flue shot every year?

      • これは私たちですRyliB3 GD

        Like To Not Get Infected

        • Mr.Kleiner
          Mr.Kleiner  24 hours back

          We all know viruses came from Umbrella

          • Thot Slayer
            Thot Slayer  1 days back

            How do viruses exist before they had things to infect

            • Aj Dembroski
              Aj Dembroski  1 days back

              Is there any thought to the idea that maybe viruses are their own tree of life? A second biogenesis?

              • Krazyfart UwU
                Krazyfart UwU  2 days back

                Can you cut out(CRISPR) an ancient virus gene and it not effect the living organism like cause a mutation or not developing properly at all?

                • Helljumper
                  Helljumper  2 days back

                  What if the brain is a highly evolved virus

                  • Nathan Miller
                    Nathan Miller  2 days back

                    aaahhh.... all life is a virus...

                    • Subramaniam Chandrasekar

                      "Scientists believe" I stopped video at this point.

                      • Bee
                        Bee  4 days back

                        He had to do it to us.

                        • Patrick Fitzgerald
                          Patrick Fitzgerald  5 days back

                          This was so lame I almost died

                          • Valerija Homcenko
                            Valerija Homcenko  6 days back

                            Nice video! Thanks!

                            • donkeykonghero
                              donkeykonghero  6 days back

                              Viruses probably help living cells to evolve quickly.

                              • Trigger5.56
                                Trigger5.56  7 days back

                                So a virus is some sort of a parasite

                                • WAQUAR AHSAB
                                  WAQUAR AHSAB  1 weeks back

                                  Can you create a virus? maybe by collecting dna/rna of different organisms and cover them with protein and place them in a capsule?

                                  • jupiter
                                    jupiter  1 weeks back

                                    What if viruses are the key to cure cancer?

                                    • F.B.I agent 729361
                                      F.B.I agent 729361  1 weeks back

                                      Pandora’s jar

                                      • Felix Sun
                                        Felix Sun  1 weeks back

                                        This guy had a scoliosis, look at his body

                                        • Kerry Hart
                                          Kerry Hart  1 weeks back

                                          Parrasidic reproducters

                                          • Robert Bright
                                            Robert Bright  2 weeks back

                                            This video would be better served by having the audio spoken by a non - hypomanic person.

                                            • Wolsky Hubert
                                              Wolsky Hubert  2 weeks back

                                              Virus came from momy virus

                                              • Caike
                                                Caike  2 weeks back

                                                Maybe I'm interpreting something wrong, but the virus first hypothesis doesn't make sense to me. Viruses need other cells to reproduce, so how could they have been first?

                                                • Rl Art
                                                  Rl Art  2 weeks back

                                                  mimivirus be like:
                                                  I'm swole cuz of this protein

                                                  • Jim Fitzpatrick
                                                    Jim Fitzpatrick  2 weeks back

                                                    This is a great series. I'm a bit addicted to it! The hot daddy presenting this video is also a bonus. ;)

                                                    • Mr Letox
                                                      Mr Letox  2 weeks back

                                                      Actually
                                                      Virus is a tik tok gringy video invading your body

                                                      • Don't call me stupid
                                                        Don't call me stupid  2 weeks back

                                                        This Channel is amazing and really informative without trying to be over the top in their explanations for the sake of spectacle, I've been looking for something like this for months :)

                                                        • vtowerbridge
                                                          vtowerbridge  2 weeks back

                                                          Very useful. Thank you!

                                                          • Devon Ferrier
                                                            Devon Ferrier  2 weeks back

                                                            Just an idea.

                                                            • Devon Ferrier
                                                              Devon Ferrier  2 weeks back

                                                              Mitochondria could be looked at as a precursor to bacteria but after viruses; Simply because the mitochondrion has it's own DNA Chromosome being however small that it is, and having it's own ribosomes to reproduce it's Genetic material, as well as producing proteins necessary for function?

                                                              • Davida DAUSUEL
                                                                Davida DAUSUEL  2 weeks back

                                                                I must say, that did anyone think of the game Halo which contained the ( flood )?

                                                                • Sjs78 00
                                                                  Sjs78 00  2 weeks back

                                                                  I tell u where!, eboli=extraterrestrial biological.

                                                                  • Nico D. Sun
                                                                    Nico D. Sun  2 weeks back

                                                                    I just thought of a new horror movie. Virusman has 80% virus DNA instead of 8% and needs to infect other people to gain energy instead of eating.

                                                                    • Stayr RPG
                                                                      Stayr RPG  2 weeks back

                                                                      This video will be viral

                                                                      • ZOOOPY
                                                                        ZOOOPY  2 weeks back

                                                                        Wow. I hope we stop the flu someday..

                                                                        • ABathRobeSamurai
                                                                          ABathRobeSamurai  3 weeks back

                                                                          why are you telling me i have a virus in my genes for sure.....and then saying its probably in you too?
                                                                          i liked the video,
                                                                          just think this logic dose not track.
                                                                          either say we both have it or we both probably have it

                                                                          • he11b1ade
                                                                            he11b1ade  2 weeks back

                                                                            maybe google this very simple and very well known fact?

                                                                        • vikas malik
                                                                          vikas malik  3 weeks back

                                                                          Things just went , viral

                                                                          • Boris Petrov
                                                                            Boris Petrov  3 weeks back

                                                                            Outstanding overview !!!

                                                                            • CozmicPlayz Minecraft
                                                                              CozmicPlayz Minecraft  3 weeks back

                                                                              They came sites saying they could give you Minecraft for free

                                                                              • lence sile
                                                                                lence sile  3 weeks back

                                                                                viruses makes life just the same with not life hehe

                                                                                • Anthony Johnson
                                                                                  Anthony Johnson  3 weeks back

                                                                                  Excellent video 📹🎈🎉😇😎

                                                                                  • Steven Cook
                                                                                    Steven Cook  3 weeks back

                                                                                    I don't like the: "is a virus alive" exsplaination. He states: It's not alive because it can't reproduce on its own or control its internal environment. 😏 yeah, well I cant reproduce without a woman and i can't control the the weather or nature nor my outer or inner environments. I can't tell my stomic to digest faster or slower. But im alive. If you put me in space: I'll fu(king die, I'm quite sure of that. So if you take a virus out of a person and put it in a Petri dish. I'm sure it will die too. Im going to opt for it is alive.

                                                                                    What I'd like to know is on some very minute level is a virus a Sentient Being. Or just programed for simple tasks? I'm thinking programed. I can't see them hurting when they die. But what if they do 😳 we are at war people 😏

                                                                                  • Ezra Nugroho
                                                                                    Ezra Nugroho  3 weeks back

                                                                                    This video is so viral!

                                                                                    • Losaiko Vote!!!
                                                                                      Losaiko Vote!!!  3 weeks back

                                                                                      What about viruses buried in ice or deep underground??? Some will destroy life without immunities. It is something to worry about.

                                                                                      • Pinocchio the lying ****
                                                                                        Pinocchio the lying ****  3 weeks back

                                                                                        Viruses cant survive with out a host.100% certain on that part, 50% sure on this part, even if the host is dead they cant survive unless they find another host.

                                                                                    • TheFacedLool
                                                                                      TheFacedLool  3 weeks back

                                                                                      I'm pretty sure viruses came from some kid that tried to get free V-Bucks.

                                                                                      • michael colli
                                                                                        michael colli  3 weeks back

                                                                                        If a virus puts his dna/rna in a cell wich is than past down to a new generation cant this also aply to different animals? And if a virus can infect different species in the same lifetime than this means you dont need a commen ancester for this gene to be passed on to different species they could just have gotten the virus at the same time when this virus was active wich means ther is no effidence at all for a virus being millions of years old

                                                                                        • Señor Ham
                                                                                          Señor Ham  4 weeks back

                                                                                          Viruses, the legit original super villian.

                                                                                          • Ignas
                                                                                            Ignas  4 weeks back

                                                                                            So im a father of a virus?