Your Place in the Primate Family Tree

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  • Published: 17 October 2018
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    Purgatorius, a kind of mammal called a plesiadapiform, might’ve been one of your earliest ancestors. But how did we get from a mouse-sized creature that looked more like a squirrel than a monkey -- to you, a member of Homo sapiens?

    Thanks to Ceri Thomas for the Purgatorius reconstruction. Check out more of Ceri's paleoart at alphynix.tumblr.com and nixillustration.com

    And thanks as always to Nobumichi Tamura for allowing us to use his wonderful paleoart: spinops.blogspot.com/

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: cepnet.mobi/user/pbsdigitalstudios

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    Katie Fichtner, Aldo Espinosa Zúñiga, Anthony Callaghan, الخليفي سلطان, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Anel Salas, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Kelby Reid, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, Svetlana Pylaeva, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, John Vanek, Jose Garcia, Noah offitzer, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Sapjes, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao. Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Joshua Mitchell, Johnny Li, Jacob Gerke, Alex Yan

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    References:
    ucmp.berkeley.edu/clad/clad1.html
    nature.com/scitable/topicpage/the-molecular-clock-and-estimating-species-divergence-41971
    nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/overview-of-hominin-evolution-89010983
    nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/hominoid-origins-135874580
    evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/phylogenetics_08
    amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/news-posts/darwin-s-evolutionary-trees
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/genetics
    users.tamuk.edu/kfjab02/Biology/Mammalogy/systematics/A5primates.htm
    askananthropologist.asu.edu/stories/our-primate-heritage
    nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/characteristics-of-crown-primates-105284416
    pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/black_spider_monkey
    nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/primate-origins-and-the-plesiadapiforms-106236783
    animaldiversity.org/accounts/Hominidae/
    nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/hominin-taxonomy-and-phylogeny-what-s-in-142102877
    sciencemag.org/news/2012/08/generation-gaps-suggest-ancient-human-ape-split
    eva.mpg.de/3chimps/files/apes.htm
    nature.com/news/dna-mutation-clock-proves-tough-to-set-1.17079#/b2
    pnas.org/content/112/5/1487
    Collard, M., & Wood, B. (2013). Defining the genus Homo. Handbook of Paleoanthropology: Vol I: Principles, Methods and Approaches Vol II: Primate Evolution and Human Origins Vol III: Phylogeny of Hominids, 1-31.
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12644563
    els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0020813.html
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29109469
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29342307
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajpa.1330400309
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4964406
    nature.com/articles/nature10842
    academic.oup.com/mbe/article-abstract/20/10/1620/1164065
    science.sciencemag.org/content/349/6251/931
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28429568
    annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-earth-063016-015637
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/evan.20177
    science.sciencemag.org/content/347/6228/1352
    nature.com/articles/nature09094
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 1 020

  • PBS Eons
    PBS Eons   1 years back

    Hi everyone in the comment section! Just to echo what Kallie said at the beginning of the episode: our first-ever sticker is available now. Designed by the brilliant paleoartist Franz Anthony! Check it out: https://store.dftba.com/collections/eons/products/eons-sticker-decal

    • AbbiCat
      AbbiCat  1 years back

      @Alex Dunkel Thanks!

    • iwan bleasdale
      iwan bleasdale  1 years back

      Please do a video on the history/lineage of elephants

    • smurfyday
      smurfyday  1 years back

      @Ardipithecus Ramidus No, I think it's a 3D illusion.

    • smurfyday
      smurfyday  1 years back

      Got 2!

    • Mateo Pearson
      Mateo Pearson  1 years back

      PBS Eons y

  • prateek kumar
    prateek kumar  1 days back

    So our ancestors were rats.

    • Reviews You Can Use
      Reviews You Can Use  2 days back

      When is our family reunion?

      • peter papadimitriou
        peter papadimitriou  2 days back

        Great video most interesting

        • jeremy Mizer
          jeremy Mizer  3 days back

          Wrong, my ancestors were snorlaxes.

          • SPACEMONKEY288
            SPACEMONKEY288  6 days back

            this channel is amazing!! absolutely love it dont stop!

            • Thomas
              Thomas  6 days back

              4:13 T- That's australopithecus afarensis...

              • Inquisitive
                Inquisitive  7 days back

                Dang, great grand daddy made it through the dinosaur extinction and danced on a T-Rex carcass.

                • Call Me Perseverer1
                  Call Me Perseverer1  3 weeks back

                  *All right imma head out*

                  • Patrick Loney
                    Patrick Loney  3 weeks back

                    My brain... Man it would be nice just to go back a few thousand years just to observe humans

                    • Kairikey
                      Kairikey  4 weeks back

                      Whenever I see an evolution tree of life I always thought how human centric the shape become... the slope are all leaning to human. I understand that it make sense since it's us who want to know who we are related to and all but still...

                      • Matt Bonneville
                        Matt Bonneville  4 weeks back

                        I'm waiting for my back-hair to go silver so I can be the dominant ape in my tribe.

                        • Stefan The RainbowPhoenix

                          Why are they called Purgatorius ceratops when they don't have horns on their heads? Ceratops means "horned face".

                          • Daphne Széles
                            Daphne Széles  1 months back

                            this is like a motivational pep talk

                            • Evie Hankins
                              Evie Hankins  1 months back

                              wow, that was amazingly intense. Thanks for making this video :)

                              • Gail Ranson
                                Gail Ranson  1 months back

                                Every episode its always' and Steve.' Who is this Steve of which they speak ?

                                • William Jordan
                                  William Jordan  2 months back

                                  Does the genetically determined date of the last common ancestor of chimps and humans come after the date of the 1st fossil of a human? The video seemed to imply that although I may have missed something.

                                  • A. C. Tort
                                    A. C. Tort  2 months back

                                    Are we still evolving?

                                  • Cody Crowley
                                    Cody Crowley  2 months back

                                    Humans have stopped evolving, natural selection no longer applies when we no longer live in nature & everyone's genes get passed on, you could have the smartest human ever never breed & pass on its genes while the dumbest has like 12 kids, the strong breed shure but so do the weak, the genetically speaking inferior, with health problems & what not, we've advanced past the point of evolution, at least from a survival of the fittest perspective

                                    • Sid Dasgupta
                                      Sid Dasgupta  2 months back

                                      Makes sense. If you believe that your great great ... great grandfather was a primate, you will act as a primate After all it comes naturally

                                      • The Mad Titan
                                        The Mad Titan  2 months back

                                        1:19 Homo Sapiens Buttus Magnificens!!!

                                        • TrollBuster
                                          TrollBuster  2 months back

                                          Go back far enough and we’re all one big happy family 😁

                                          • Skyler Arroniz
                                            Skyler Arroniz  2 months back

                                            Most people= we evolved from monkeys

                                            Eons= actually we evolved from squirrels

                                            • 73honda350
                                              73honda350  2 months back

                                              I'm a proud "primate supremecist" and condemn inter-order relationships and breeding - anyone who is mixed-order is just sub-primate! But same sex marriage/relationships within the order is fine. Allow me to introduce my lemur husband, Alvin.

                                              • XGraveX 19
                                                XGraveX 19  2 months back

                                                Hey 😅😂😂😂

                                                • Battlebox0
                                                  Battlebox0  2 months back

                                                  So my great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great great... grandmother was a rat?

                                                  • Al Morrison
                                                    Al Morrison  2 months back

                                                    You didn't add that evolution is ongoing today. I noticed a large percentage of bipeds splitting off into the genus Homo Dummy-us. A sure sign is they walk, and stare at a cellphone in their prehensile hands. I also noticed the keyboard poking finger is getting longer and stiffer, like a pen. Am I the first discoverer of this cranial devolutionary divergence?

                                                    • Kevin Tobing
                                                      Kevin Tobing  2 months back

                                                      1:30 Unexpected sickle and hammer

                                                      • Akash Rajkishore
                                                        Akash Rajkishore  2 months back

                                                        Next time I meet a giant squirrel : *kneel* “Father!!”

                                                        • David M
                                                          David M  2 months back

                                                          I always feel bad for that guy running from the hyenas.
                                                          I hope he made it. 😉

                                                          • José C. de Sampaio
                                                            José C. de Sampaio  2 months back

                                                            Thank you, remembering taxonomy was pretty cool. When I studied was from the start with the most simple form of life until now, it's a really cool matter to study and learn about.
                                                            Once again thank you very much.👍

                                                            • M5.Pa-Br
                                                              M5.Pa-Br  2 months back

                                                              Thanks!!

                                                              • RAYY SANTANAA
                                                                RAYY SANTANAA  2 months back

                                                                Primates invented Tacos, without Primates there would be *NO TACOS* ...

                                                                • grumpy sod
                                                                  grumpy sod  2 months back

                                                                  Stop blaming everyone for tacos.

                                                              • Armie of One
                                                                Armie of One  2 months back

                                                                I recently read an article that says that our last common ancestor might actually be orangutans rather than chimps.

                                                                • John
                                                                  John  2 months back

                                                                  is it okay to show this video to my dog?

                                                                  • Juanjo ny
                                                                    Juanjo ny  2 months back

                                                                    This is just great.

                                                                    • Iowa599
                                                                      Iowa599  3 months back

                                                                      Nobody says anything about it, but we're actually pretty close to the bottom.

                                                                      • jessie fabillar
                                                                        jessie fabillar  3 months back

                                                                        Do not believe this! Still sciencist is pushing this. Go back to studying.

                                                                        • Billy Buenafe
                                                                          Billy Buenafe  3 months back

                                                                          I wish Kallies were my biology teacher

                                                                          • Nick McLeod
                                                                            Nick McLeod  3 months back

                                                                            Sorry for being flippant.. Amazing video.. Incredibly informative!! Thank you so much PBS Eons!

                                                                            • Thomas Jefferson
                                                                              Thomas Jefferson  3 months back

                                                                              There's no transition species, humans just appear on the evolutionary time-line.

                                                                            • shadowblobSS
                                                                              shadowblobSS  3 months back

                                                                              I am related to owls. I say this because it is technically true and I like owls.

                                                                              • JiveDadson
                                                                                JiveDadson  3 months back

                                                                                Do we have a good idea of what the last common ancestor of homo sapiens and chimps looked like?

                                                                                • Jonah S
                                                                                  Jonah S  3 months back

                                                                                  Epoch = Epic according to this girl

                                                                                  • Jonathan Almeida
                                                                                    Jonathan Almeida  3 months back

                                                                                    Brilliantly done

                                                                                    • EasytheGoon
                                                                                      EasytheGoon  3 months back

                                                                                      I like how she says your earliest ancestor. Is she a reptilian?

                                                                                      • Kohlenstoffisotop12
                                                                                        Kohlenstoffisotop12  3 months back

                                                                                        All praise Steve!

                                                                                        • Jacob G
                                                                                          Jacob G  3 months back

                                                                                          Our ancient shrew like ancestors are so insanely cute.